2030 Agenda

2030 Agenda 2019-01-07T09:56:16+01:00

In a nutshell

Integrated, multidimensional, and universal agenda structured around 17 goals, 169 targets and 232 indicators. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), or Global Goals, are a call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

Aim and focus: Comprehensive development agenda that can be viewed as the overarching global development framework

17 Sustainable Development Goals with 169 targets and respective indicators

Legal Relevance:  Voluntary, non-binding agreement

Supported by:  193 UN Member States adopted in September 2015 (came into effect 2016)

Implementation period:  2016 – 2030

Follow-up & Review:

The High-level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development is the central UN platform for the follow-up and review process

The Regional Forums on Sustainable Development is he stocktaking body to assess regional implementation.

Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) submitted to HLPF serve as basis for regular reviews and provide a platform for partnerships including national level, civil society, the private sector and other relevant stakeholders and organization (Res. 70/1, para 84).

Annual SDG Progress Report supported by UN Division for SDGs (UN DESA) and the quadrennial Global Sustainable Developments Report conducted by the President of the Economic and Social Council (para. 83).

Localisation and the role of local government  

Already in the previous processes related to the Agenda 21, the role of local governments was clearly outlined:

“Because so many of the problems and solutions being addressed by Agenda 21 have their roots in local activities, the participation and cooperation of local authorities will be a determining factor in fulfilling its objectives” (Chapter 28, Local Agenda 21, 1992)

“We reaffirm the key role of all levels of government and legislative bodies in promoting sustainable development. We further acknowledge efforts and progress made at the local and subnational level, and recognize the important role that such authorities and communities can play..” (Rio+20 Outcome Document, § 42, 2012)  

In the 2030 Agenda process, one stand-alone urban goal was endorsed. Goal 11 states: Make cities safe, inclusive, resilient and sustainable.  However, 65% the SDGs targets are directly linked to local authorities’ powers and responsibilities (Misselwitz, 2016).  The 2030 Agenda requires active participation of cities, not only in the implementation phase, but during the process of national strategies development and further in monitoring, evaluation and reporting stages.


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